Posted April 7th, 2010 by Galen Lehman on Lehman's Country Life
If you live in the country, you probably get your water from a drilled well in your basement or backyard. In most cases, the “well” looks like a steel or plastic pipe about 4″ to 5″ diameter that projects a few inches above ground and has a steel cap on it.
You can learn about wells on the EPA website (click on their photo, above)
Depending on the depth of the well, there’s either an above ground pump (often called a jet pump) or “deep well” submersible electric pump hidden in the well. Need to know more? There’s an excellent article on how electric well pumps work on the Popular Mechanics website.
Either way, a power failure can leave you high and dry. Because well pump systems incorporate a storage tank (sometimes called a pressure tank), you may have a access to 20-30 gallons even without electricity. But, it’s astonishing how fast it runs out. And, how much you miss access to fresh water after it’s gone!
It’s doubly frustrating, because in many cases you can actually see the water in the bottom of the well. It’s just too far away to reach! Fortunately, we have two ways to solve the problem!
Low cost well bucket
Amish-made well bucket
It’s just 3 1/2 inches in diameter. That narrow profile means it will fit into many drilled wells. (Make sure you confirm that it will work in your installation before a power failure hits!)
It’s a pretty ingenious design, if I do say so myself. There’s a valve in the bottom that automatically opens as soon as the bucket hits the water, allowing it to fill from the bottom up. It holds nearly two gallons, and the rubber gasketed valve automatically closes and seals to hold the water in as soon as you start drawing the bucket back up.
Convenient, durable hand pump
We also have a tough, light pump made from stainless steel and thermoplastic. Because it pumps up to 10 gallons per minute, it’s your most convenient option. It comes in two versions, one for shallow wells and one for deep wells.
What makes it such a perfect solution for emergency use? It’s light and easy to install. It works in many drilled wells (if the casing is more than 6″ diameter). It’s tough, durable and reliable.
The shallow well version works if the water is within about 20 feet. All you need to do is add enough 2″ diameter PVC pipe (available from any hardware or plumbing supply store) to reach the water. You can tell how far it is to the water by dropping a weighted string down into the well.
Like any shallow well pump, it may need priming the first time you use it. “Priming” means pouring water into the pump to make it wet. If you’ve used all the water in your pressure tank, you may be able to use melted ice or water from the tank on the back of your toilet. (It doesn’t take very much.)
The deep well pump uses a “cylinder” that does all the work. The “pump” (sometimes called a pump head) is nothing more than a hollow housing. Because the cylinder is installed under water it stays wet all the time. Therefore, deep well pumps never need primed. For this reason, people often use a deep well pump even on shallow wells.
The two components are connected by equal lengths of 2″ PVC pipe and 1/2″ PVC pipe. The 2″ pipe, often called a “drop pipe,” is the conduit through which the water travels. The 1/2″ pipe acts as the rod that transmits the pumping action from the pump to the cylinder.
You can find full details on how deep well pumps work by clicking here.
At Lehman’s, our goal is to provide you with more than just the supplies you need to live without electricity. We also want to provide you with the knowledge you need to choose the right items and use them correctly. That’s why we train, test and certify our staff to answer your water pumping questions.
Need help to solve a non-electric pump problem? Give us a call! You can see our full line of pump products by clicking here. You can find detailed articles about hand pumping and many other non-electric challenges by clicking here. We’ll do our best to help you!
NOTE: The home’s well is your source of drinking water. Make sure that everything you put in the well is clean and sterile. Do not allow contaminants to enter while the well cap is off. Don’t leave the well cap off for long periods of time.